Intravenous cannulation is a procedure where a cannula is placed inside the most suitable vein for venous access. The opening via cannula has the potential to carry medicine, fluids, parenteral nutrition, and chemotherapy. The valves present in the veins promote the one-way directional flow of blood and prevent the pooling of blood in one specific department.
The entire process of cannulation might sound like a cakewalk but is a tough task to pull through. The complications linked with failing to find the right vein leading to multiple punctures are vast! In this blog, we will throw the limelight on such complications.
Extravasation is when the vesicant drugs leak into the surrounding tissues. This complication can impair the local tissues, leading to infection, delayed healing, loss of functioning, and disfigurement.
– Swelling on the intravenous site
– Discomfort at the site
– Cool skin
The most common complication of multiple punctures is phlebitis. Phlebitis in layman’s language means inflammation of the vein. The reason behind this issue can be trauma during the insertion, frequent use of the same intravenous site, or wrong intravenous catheter size for the vein.
– Puffiness around the area
– Warmth around the IV’s site
– Redness along the path of the vein
The ultimate cause of infiltration occurs when the medication or the intravenous fluid leaks around the surrounding tissues. It can also be caused because of improper placement of the catheter. Frequent movement of the patient can cause the catheter to slip out.
– Drop-in flow rate
– Swelling or burning sensation
How to avoid the complications?
What if you can avoid the hurdle in the first place? Sandor’s Veinus and Veinus pro, which is a vein locating machine has on-screen and on-screen and on skin mapping, respectively.
Sandor brings these kinds of vein detector machine in India only to ease the process of cannulation while minimizing the trauma and pain, making it patient-friendly.